New USCIS Processing Times for Form I-485

WHAT ARE THE PROCESSING TIMES AND CASE INQUIRY DATES RELEASED BY USCIS FOR FORM I-485 FOR ALL USCIS FIELD OFFICES?

USCIS Field Offices Processing Times. Updated Daily.
USCIS Field Office
Low
High
Case Inquiry Date
Analysis
Agana GU11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Agana GU has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Albany NY11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Albany NY has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Albuquerque NM11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Albuquerque NM has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Anchorage AK11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Anchorage AK has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Atlanta GA13.529.5Jul 10, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Atlanta GA has been between 12.5 and 16.5 months and the 'high' between 24 and 35 months.
Baltimore MD11.524.5Dec 9, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Baltimore MD has been between 11.5 and 18 months and the 'high' between 24.5 and 42 months.
Boise ID1321Apr 3, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Boise ID has been between 10.5 and 14.5 months and the 'high' between 20 and 26 months.
Boston MA7.511.5Dec 31, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Boston MA has been between 7.5 and 11 months and the 'high' between 11.5 and 25 months.
Brooklyn NY17.529.5Jul 14, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Brooklyn NY has been between 13.5 and 17.5 months and the 'high' between 27 and 33.5 months.
Buffalo NY11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Buffalo NY has been between 8 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 15 and 29 months.
Charleston SC11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Charleston SC has been between 7 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 13.5 and 29 months.
Charlotte Amalie VI11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Charlotte Amalie VI has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Charlotte NC7.521.5Mar 19, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Charlotte NC has been between 7 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 16.5 and 26 months.
Chicago IL13.535.5Jan 22, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Chicago IL has been between 5 and 13.5 months and the 'high' between 25.5 and 35.5 months.
Christiansted VI11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Christiansted VI has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Cincinnati OH11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Cincinnati OH has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Cleveland OH11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Cleveland OH has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Columbus OH11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Columbus OH has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Dallas TX1827.5Sep 20, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Dallas TX has been between 13 and 18 months and the 'high' between 22.5 and 32 months.
Denver CO12.530Jun 26, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Denver CO has been between 12 and 15.5 months and the 'high' between 20.5 and 30 months.
Des Moines IA11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Des Moines IA has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Detroit MI717Jul 18, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Detroit MI has been between 7 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 14 and 26 months.
El Paso TX9.515Sep 28, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of El Paso TX has been between 8 and 12 months and the 'high' between 15 and 24 months.
Fort Myers FL11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Fort Myers FL has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Fort Smith AR11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Fort Smith AR has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Fresno CA7.532.5Apr 18, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Fresno CA has been between 7.5 and 10 months and the 'high' between 15.5 and 32.5 months.
Greer SC11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Greer SC has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Harlingen TX6.520Apr 22, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Harlingen TX has been between 6.5 and 13 months and the 'high' between 20 and 25 months.
Hartford CT1120Apr 23, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Hartford CT has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 15 and 26 months.
Helena MT11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Helena MT has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Hialeah FL12.519.5May 12, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Hialeah FL has been between 10 and 14 months and the 'high' between 19 and 26 months.
Honolulu HI11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Honolulu HI has been between 9 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 18.5 and 29 months.
Houston TX21.534Feb 29, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Houston TX has been between 16 and 21.5 months and the 'high' between 26 and 34 months.
Imperial CA11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Imperial CA has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Indianapolis IN11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Indianapolis IN has been between 5.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 17.5 and 29 months.
Jacksonville FL615.5Sep 11, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Jacksonville FL has been between 6 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 13.5 and 26 months.
Kansas City MO11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Kansas City MO has been between 5.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 20 and 29 months.
Kendall FL11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Kendall FL has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Las Vegas NV11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Las Vegas NV has been between 10.5 and 14.5 months and the 'high' between 22.5 and 29 months.
Lawrence MA7.520Apr 20, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Lawrence MA has been between 6 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 12.5 and 26 months.
Long Island NY1031May 26, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Long Island NY has been between 10 and 12.5 months and the 'high' between 26 and 31 months.
Los Angeles CA15.535.5Jan 17, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Los Angeles CA has been between 4 and 16 months and the 'high' between 23 and 35.5 months.
Los Angeles County CA12.535Feb 5, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Los Angeles County CA has been between 12 and 15 months and the 'high' between 25.5 and 36 months.
Louisville KY11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Louisville KY has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Manchester NH11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Manchester NH has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Memphis TN817.5Jul 8, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Memphis TN has been between 8 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 17.5 and 26 months.
Miami FL11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Miami FL has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Milwaukee WI11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Milwaukee WI has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Minneapolis-St. Paul MN1631May 30, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Minneapolis-St. Paul MN has been between 10.5 and 16 months and the 'high' between 23 and 31 months.
Montgomery AL1221.5Mar 10, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Montgomery AL has been between 10.5 and 14 months and the 'high' between 16.5 and 27 months.
Mount Laurel NJ915Sep 20, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Mount Laurel NJ has been between 8.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 15 and 26 months.
Nashville TN11.529Jul 28, 2016
Newark NJ10.519.5May 17, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Newark NJ has been between 14 and 17 months and the 'high' between 24.5 and 33 months.
New Orleans LA11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of New Orleans LA has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
New York City NY1731.5May 16, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of New York City NY has been between 14 and 17 months and the 'high' between 24.5 and 33 months.
Norfolk VA11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Norfolk VA has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Oakland Park FL20.525.5Nov 17, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Oakland Park FL has been between 11 and 20.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 30.5 months.
Oklahoma City OK719May 25, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Oklahoma City OK has been between 6 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 15.5 and 26 months.
Omaha NE11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Omaha NE has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Orlando FL16.521.5Mar 10, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Orlando FL has been between 7.5 and 16.5 months and the 'high' between 21.5 and 31 months.
Philadelphia PA1327.5Sep 7, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Philadelphia PA has been between 9.5 and 13 months and the 'high' between 17 and 33 months.
Phoenix AZ16.531May 29, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Phoenix AZ has been between 8.5 and 16.5 months and the 'high' between 17.5 and 31 months.
Pittsburgh PA11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Pittsburgh PA has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Portland ME11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Portland ME has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Portland OR9.533.5Mar 21, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Portland OR has been between 6 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 14 and 33.5 months.
Providence RI7.515Sep 20, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Providence RI has been between 6 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 15 and 26 months.
Queens NY1323Jan 24, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Queens NY has been between 4 and 14 months and the 'high' between 19.5 and 24.5 months.
Raleigh NC6.515.5Sep 13, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Raleigh NC has been between 6 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 12.5 and 26 months.
Reno NV11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Reno NV has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Sacramento CA1122.5Feb 12, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Sacramento CA has been between 9.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 16.5 and 22.5 months.
Saint Albans VT11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Saint Albans VT has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Saint Louis MO11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Saint Louis MO has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
Salt Lake City UT11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Salt Lake City UT has been between 10.5 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 23 and 29 months.
San Antonio TX1019May 29, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of San Antonio TX has been between 7.5 and 11 months and the 'high' between 16 and 27 months.
San Bernardino CA8.531.5May 10, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of San Bernardino CA has been between 7 and 10.5 months and the 'high' between 14.5 and 31.5 months.
San Diego CA716.5Aug 15, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of San Diego CA has been between 7 and 11.5 months and the 'high' between 16.5 and 26 months.
San Fernando Valley CA1535.5Jan 18, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of San Fernando Valley CA has been between 11.5 and 15 months and the 'high' between 22.5 and 35.5 months.
San Francisco CA16.533Apr 1, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of San Francisco CA has been between 11 and 16.5 months and the 'high' between 17.5 and 33 months.
San Jose CA931Jun 4, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of San Jose CA has been between 7 and 12.5 months and the 'high' between 21 and 31 months.
San Juan PR11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of San Juan PR has been between and months and the 'high' between and months.
Santa Ana CA14.534Feb 27, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Santa Ana CA has been between and months and the 'high' between and months.
Seattle WA11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Seattle WA has been between and months and the 'high' between and months.
Spokane WA11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Spokane WA has been between and months and the 'high' between and months.
Tampa FL617Jul 26, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Tampa FL has been between and months and the 'high' between and months.
Tucson AZ11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Tucson AZ has been between and months and the 'high' between and months.
Washington DC10.519.5May 11, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of Washington DC has been between and months and the 'high' between and months.
West Palm Beach FL1116.5Aug 3, 2017Since June 2018, the 'low' of West Palm Beach FL has been between and months and the 'high' between and months.
Wichita KS11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Wichita KS has been between and months and the 'high' between and months.
Yakima WA11.529Jul 28, 2016Since June 2018, the 'low' of Yakima WA has been between and months and the 'high' between and months.
  • ‘Low’ is the low-end of the range communicated by USCIS for the Field Office. It is expressed in ‘months’. It corresponds to ‘50% of the cases completed’.
  • ‘High’ is the high-end of the range communicated by USCIS for the Field Office. It is expressed in ‘months’. It corresponds to ‘93% of the cases completed’.
  • The data is refreshed and updated every morning (Eastern Time of the United States), because we update this table every day (‘Case Inquiry Dates’ for certain Field Offices are updated every day)
  • The data provided is exclusively for family-based requests to adjust status (not employment).

Enter your Zip Code and get the timeline and the processing time that applies to you and your family.

Immigration Planner Web Forms

What happened?
USCIS released ‘Processing Times’ and ‘Case Inquiry Dates’ based on a new methodology.

  • How to read, interpret and use this new information.
  • Form I-485: examine the data for all USCIS Field Offices (updated every day with the latest from USCIS) and read our analysis.

Which immigration forms have new processing times?

Form I-485 (adjust status), Form I-751 (remove conditions on a two-year green card obtained though marriage), Form I-90 (renew a 10-year green cards), N-400 (naturalize to acquire U.S. citizenship).


Why the change?

The processing times displayed by USCIS have been unhelpful to applicants for years. The goal is to get relevant information to applicants.


Does that mean that USCIS will process applications faster?

Unfortunately the answer is no. USCIS changed the way they will communicate about their process in the future, but they have not changed the process itself.

What do the new processing times mean?

The processing times now display an ‘Estimated Time Range’ in months for each of the four forms, and for each USCIS Service Center and each USCIS Field Office. Here is an example for the Boston Field Office for all forms I-485 (family and employment):

USCIS General Processing Time

Our first recommendation is, when applicable, to look at the more specific range at the bottom of the page. Here, we will focus on family-based I-485s:

USCIS Family and Employment Processing Time

This means that, for family-based I-485s, starting with the date the I-485 is filed:

  • 50% of the I-485 are adjudicated within 7 months of their filing
  • 93% of the I-485 are adjudicated within 18 months of their filing

What about the ‘Case Inquiry Date’?

What USCIS is essentially saying is that, if you are part of the 7% that are beyond the high range of the processing times, you can get in touch with them through an ‘outside of processing time’ request. In the Boston Field Office, for family-based I-485s, you can submit a request if you submitted your I-485 before October 10th, 2016:

USCIS Case Inquiry Date


How often is the information updated?

USCIS is updating the processing times every month (as opposed to every 3 months in the ‘old’ approach). These are the dates of the last 6 updates of the I-485 processing times:

  • June 1st, 2018
  • July 7th, 2018
  • August 2nd, 2018
  • August 29th, 2018
  • September 28th, 2018

The Case Inquiry Date is said to be ‘rolling’: once the processing times are updated for a given month, the Case Inquiry Date progresses automatically by one day, every day.

What about the other forms, including Form I-130?

This is a ‘pilot’, so a trial based on which USCIS says they will gather feedback, adjust their methodology if need be, and then extend to other forms. The calendar associated with a broader rollout is not known.

The forms that are not part of the pilot are now displaying a range. The range is made of the old date and the old date + 30%. Because the ‘old’ date is still computed using the ‘old’ backlog-driven methodology, this is not an improvement as much as a vague attempt at managing applicants’ expectations.


What do the Processing Times released by USCIS for family I-485s tell you?

Immigration Planner identified the USCIS Field Offices with the fastest I-485 processing time (based on the ‘low’, or 50% completion), and which have at the same time a ‘high’ (or 93% completion) that is less than 20 months. For us, these offices qualify as the fastest, and we wanted to congratulate them!

  • Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Tampa, Florida
  • San Bernardino, California
  • Charlotte, North Carolina
  • San Diego, California
  • Detroit, Michigan
  • Buffalo, New York
  • Mount Laurel, New Jersey
  • Fresno, California

What do the Case Interview Dates released by USCIS for family I-485s tell you?

The ‘Case Inquiry Date’ is derived from the ‘high’ (or 93% completion). The issue here is that the ‘high’ can change a lot from one month to the next, changing in turn the ‘Case Inquiry Date’. By how much? Generally by 2 months or less. But note that during the last update 25 USCIS Field Offices (out of 88) had a change in the ‘high’ of 3 months or more.

What is Immigration Planner’s preliminary analysis of the new approach?

Like many, we are delighted that USCIS is tackling the processing time issue and we will certainly provide our feedback and the one of our community to USCIS. This is our current assessment:

  • The ‘Case Inquiry Date’ is an improvement, because it is clear and actionable by applicants.
  • Focusing more specifically on Form I-485, the new processing time range is an improvement but its impact is currently reduced by the following factors:
    • The filing date of Form I-485 for some applicants has been dictated by the ‘Filing Date’ of the Visa Bulletin, when the actual adjudication is guided by the ‘Final Action Date’ of the Visa Bulletin. As a result, it seems that the processing time range could be materially impacted by the fluctuations of the ‘distance’ between Filing and Action Dates.
    • The computations include the time associated with Request for Evidence (RFE) for applicants who receive one. The numbers would be more meaningful to applicants if processing times without RFE were known, and separate numbers associated with the impact of RFEs were communicated.
    • The computations are based only on last month’s completion. Such a small sample size might inflate volatility, although it is hard to say at this point.
  • The new ‘range’ using the ‘old’ methodology for forms not part of the pilot is not convincing at all. It is simply artificially broadening a range, acknowledging that the old approach lead applicants to be too optimistic because they misunderstood the data.
  • USCIS is using different percentages in different situation. For instance, the ‘personalized’ processing time accessible to applicants through myUSCIS will be based on the time it takes for 80% of the applications to be adjudicated. 80% is neither the 50% or the 93% that is used for USCIS Offices. We are not saying this is a bad idea, but the rationale behind the choice is not completely clear. Traditionally, USCIS would first communicate the average processing time for all applicants and then communicate the extent of the ‘dispersion’ around that average.

Why now?

The processing times displayed by USCIS have been unhelpful to applicants for years. The dates given by USCIS were understood by applicants as the priority date of of the case currently being reviewed by a USCIS Office when in fact they were an indication of the backlog of pending applications.

DHSThe shortcomings of the USCIS system have been pointed out by multiple reports emanating from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and the CIS Ombudsman starting more than a decade ago.When yet another report by the Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued in March 2018 underscored the deficiencies, USCIS might have felt it was time to start acting.

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