Latest USCIS Processing Times for Form I-485

WHAT ARE THE PROCESSING TIMES FOR FORM I-485?

Form I-485 Processing Times per USCIS Field Office. ‘Low’ and ‘High’ updated monthly by USCIS (Last USCIS Update on December 27th, 2019). ‘Case Inquiry Date’ updated daily by USCIS. Rankings done by Immigration Planner based on performance over the last 12 months.
USCIS Field Office
Low
High
Ranking
Last 12 Months
Case Inquiry Date as of Today
Agana GU9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Albany NY9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Albuquerque NM5.510.560Low: 5.5 / 12 months; High: 10.5 / 25 monthsMar 6, 2019
Anchorage AK9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Atlanta GA82463Low: 8 / 14.5 months; High: 17 / 27 monthsJan 28, 2018
Baltimore MD18.537.584Low: 9.5 / 18.5 months; High: 18.5 / 37.5 monthsDec 17, 2016
Boise ID9.52562Low: 9.5 / 13.5 months; High: 22.5 / 30.5 monthsDec 22, 2017
Boston MA72311Low: 4.5 / 11 months; High: 14.5 / 28 monthsFeb 23, 2018
Brooklyn NY1533.586Low: 15 / 20.5 months; High: 22 / 35 monthsApr 7, 2017
Buffalo NY9.52551Low: 8.5 / 12.5 months; High: 22 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Charleston SC9.52523Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Charlotte Amalie VI9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Charlotte NC717.510Low: 7 / 12 months; High: 12.5 / 25 monthsAug 11, 2018
Chicago IL62482Low: 6 / 14 months; High: 23.5 / 38.5 monthsJan 26, 2018
Christiansted VI9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Cincinnati OH9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Cleveland OH9.52558Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 30 monthsDec 22, 2017
Columbus OH9.52552Low: 7.5 / 12 months; High: 19 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Dallas TX112471Low: 11 / 19 months; High: 21 / 25 monthsJan 31, 2018
Denver CO8.52969Low: 6.5 / 12 months; High: 23 / 39.5 monthsAug 20, 2017
Des Moines IA9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Detroit MI6.5141Low: 6 / 8.5 months; High: 12.5 / 18 monthsNov 25, 2018
El Paso TX5126Low: 5 / 11.5 months; High: 12 / 25 monthsJan 31, 2019
Fort Myers FL9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Fort Smith AR9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Fresno CA714.52Low: 5.5 / 8 months; High: 12 / 23 monthsNov 6, 2018
Greer SC9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Harlingen TX618.522Low: 5.5 / 11.5 months; High: 16.5 / 32.5 monthsJul 15, 2018
Hartford CT9.521.564Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 16.5 / 35 monthsApr 13, 2018
Helena MT9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Hialeah FL831.575Low: 8 / 22.5 months; High: 16.5 / 31.5 monthsJun 17, 2017
Honolulu HI9.52524Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Houston TX122680Low: 12 / 21 months; High: 23 / 28.5 monthsDec 1, 2017
Imperial CA9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Indianapolis IN9.52550Low: 6 / 11.5 months; High: 16.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Jacksonville FL9.52557Low: 6 / 12 months; High: 13 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Kansas City MO9.52519Low: 6.5 / 12 months; High: 20 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Kendall FL8.52776Low: 8.5 / 20.5 months; High: 16.5 / 29 monthsNov 2, 2017
Las Vegas NV10.51817Low: 9.5 / 15.5 months; High: 16.5 / 24.5 monthsJul 23, 2018
Lawrence MA6.539.573Low: 5 / 11.5 months; High: 15.5 / 39.5 monthsOct 13, 2016
Long Island NY836.578Low: 7 / 11.5 months; High: 21.5 / 36.5 monthsJan 18, 2017
Los Angeles CA617.521Low: 6 / 15 months; High: 16.5 / 33 monthsAug 15, 2018
Los Angeles County CA91865Low: 9 / 13.5 months; High: 17.5 / 34 monthsJul 26, 2018
Louisville KY9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Manchester NH9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Memphis TN611.555Low: 5 / 12 months; High: 11.5 / 25 monthsFeb 12, 2019
Miami FL183483Low: 11 / 23.5 months; High: 22.5 / 34 monthsMar 22, 2017
Milwaukee WI9.52554Low: 6.5 / 14 months; High: 18.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Minneapolis-St. Paul MN10.51774Low: 10.5 / 17 months; High: 17 / 31 monthsAug 29, 2018
Montgomery AL9.52518Low: 7.5 / 12 months; High: 15 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Mount Laurel NJ61514Low: 6 / 10 months; High: 15 / 30.5 monthsNov 3, 2018
Nashville TN9.525Dec 22, 2017
Newark NJ10.52588Low: 18.5 / 21.5 months; High: 29.5 / 38 monthsDec 20, 2017
New Orleans LA9.52561Low: 6.5 / 15 months; High: 14 / 26 monthsDec 22, 2017
New York City NY1933.587Low: 18.5 / 21.5 months; High: 29.5 / 38 monthsApr 15, 2017
Norfolk VA9.52512Low: 8 / 12 months; High: 15.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Oakland Park FL931.585Low: 9 / 22 months; High: 23.5 / 34.5 monthsJun 14, 2017
Oklahoma City OK9.52556Low: 5.5 / 12 months; High: 12.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Omaha NE9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Orlando FL9.52668Low: 9.5 / 15 months; High: 18 / 33 monthsDec 4, 2017
Philadelphia PA720.520Low: 7 / 13.5 months; High: 18 / 26 monthsMay 18, 2018
Phoenix AZ7.52079Low: 7.5 / 20 months; High: 19.5 / 32 monthsJun 1, 2018
Pittsburgh PA9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Portland ME9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Portland OR9.52515Low: 6 / 12 months; High: 15.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Providence RI9.52553Low: 7 / 12 months; High: 13.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Queens NY8.521.567Low: 7 / 17.5 months; High: 21 / 28.5 monthsApr 9, 2018
Raleigh NC62213Low: 5.5 / 11.5 months; High: 14 / 30 monthsMar 24, 2018
Reno NV9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Sacramento CA10199Low: 8 / 16 months; High: 16.5 / 24.5 monthsJun 25, 2018
Saint Albans VT9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Saint Louis MO9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Salt Lake City UT8.51659Low: 8.5 / 15.5 months; High: 16 / 25 monthsSep 20, 2018
San Antonio TX6117Low: 6 / 10 months; High: 11 / 27 monthsFeb 26, 2019
San Bernardino CA6204Low: 6 / 7.5 months; High: 16 / 24 monthsMay 24, 2018
San Diego CA6.515.53Low: 5.5 / 7.5 months; High: 11 / 22 monthsOct 15, 2018
San Fernando Valley CA10.516.577Low: 10.5 / 17 months; High: 16.5 / 34.5 monthsSep 16, 2018
San Francisco CA17.52381Low: 17 / 19 months; High: 20.5 / 35.5 monthsMar 4, 2018
San Jose CA9.52566Low: 9 / 16 months; High: 18 / 29.5 monthsDec 22, 2017
San Juan PR9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Santa Ana CA10.519.570Low: 10.5 / 15.5 months; High: 16.5 / 32 monthsJun 19, 2018
Seattle WA1719.572Low: 11 / 19 months; High: 19 / 25 monthsJun 12, 2018
Spokane WA9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Tampa FL7.524.55Low: 6.5 / 11 months; High: 14.5 / 24.5 monthsJan 18, 2018
Tucson AZ9.52549Low: 6.5 / 12 months; High: 15.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Washington DC11.522.516Low: 8 / 11.5 months; High: 17 / 28 monthsMar 18, 2018
West Palm Beach FL9258Low: 7 / 11 months; High: 17.5 / 25 monthsDec 24, 2017
Wichita KS9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
Yakima WA9.52525Low: 9.5 / 12 months; High: 22.5 / 25 monthsDec 22, 2017
  • ‘Low’ is the low-end of the range communicated by USCIS for the Field Office, expressed in ‘months’. It is the ‘best-case’ scenario. It means that USCIS makes a decision (following the Interview) on 50% of the filed I-485s within the ‘low’ number of months;
  • ‘High’ is the high-end, the ‘worst-case’ scenario, the time its takes USCIS to make a decision on 93% of I-485s it received.
  • If it takes longer for you than the ‘High’, then it means that the Receipt Date of your I-485 is before the ‘Case Inquiry Date’ and that you are allowed to get in touch with USCIS.
  • The data is refreshed and updated every morning (Eastern Time of the United States), because certain elements, such as the ‘Case Inquiry Dates’ are updated every day.
  • The data provided is exclusively for Family I-485 (not Employment).

Get a detailed, personalized I-485 timeline using the Processing Times that apply to you (based on your zip code)

Immigration Planner Web Forms

What’s different about Form I-485 Processing Times?
Form I-485 is one of the few forms (along with Forms I-751, I-90, and N-400) to benefit from the new USCIS Processing Times methodology rolled out in April 2018, which means that:

  • They better reflect the time it takes applicants to get an answer on their I-485 (not USCIS ‘backlog’ like before);
  • They are updated more regularly (almost every month, compared to every 3 months before);
  • It communicates clearly, through the ‘Case Inquiry Date’, whether the applicant is allowed to get in touch with USCIS because it is taking too long.

Which immigration forms have new processing times?

Form I-485 (adjust status), Form I-751 (remove conditions on a two-year green card obtained though marriage), Form I-90 (renew a 10-year green cards), N-400 (naturalize to acquire U.S. citizenship).


Why the change?

The processing times displayed by USCIS have been unhelpful to applicants for years. The goal is to get relevant information to applicants.


Does that mean that USCIS will process applications faster?

Unfortunately the answer is no. USCIS changed the way they will communicate about their process in the future, but they have not changed the process itself.

What do the new processing times mean?

The processing times now display an ‘Estimated Time Range’ in months for each of the four forms, and for each USCIS Service Center and each USCIS Field Office. Here is an example for the Boston Field Office for all forms I-485 (family and employment):

USCIS General Processing Time

Our first recommendation is, when applicable, to look at the more specific range at the bottom of the page. Here, we will focus on family-based I-485s:

USCIS Family and Employment Processing Time

This means that, for family-based I-485s, starting with the date the I-485 is filed:

  • 50% of the I-485 are adjudicated within 7 months of their filing
  • 93% of the I-485 are adjudicated within 18 months of their filing

What about the ‘Case Inquiry Date’?

What USCIS is essentially saying is that, if you are part of the 7% that are beyond the high range of the processing times, you can get in touch with them through an ‘outside of processing time’ request. In the Boston Field Office, for family-based I-485s, you can submit a request if you submitted your I-485 before October 10th, 2016:

USCIS Case Inquiry Date


How often are the USCIS processing times updated by USCIS?

USCIS is updating the processing times every month (as opposed to every 3 months in the ‘old’ approach).

The Case Inquiry Date is said to be ‘rolling’: once the processing times are updated for a given month, the Case Inquiry Date progresses automatically by one day, every day.

What about the other forms, including Form I-130?

This is a ‘pilot’, so a trial based on which USCIS says they will gather feedback, adjust their methodology if need be, and then extend to other forms. The calendar associated with a broader rollout is not known.

The forms that are not part of the pilot are now displaying a range. The range is made of the old date and the old date + 30%. Because the ‘old’ date is still computed using the ‘old’ backlog-driven methodology, this is not an improvement as much as a vague attempt at managing applicants’ expectations.


What do the Processing Times released by USCIS for family I-485s tell you?

Immigration Planner identified the following USCIS Field Offices with the fastest (and ‘stable’) I-485 processing times. Last updated on December 27th 2019 (Will be updated again at the end of January 2020 when USCIS updates it processing times)

  • Detroit MI
  • Fresno CA
  • San Diego CA
  • San Bernardino CA
  • Tampa FL
  • El Paso TX
  • San Antonio TX
  • West Palm Beach FL
  • Sacramento CA
  • Charlotte NC

What do the Case Interview Dates released by USCIS for family I-485s tell you?

The ‘Case Inquiry Date’ is derived from the ‘high’ (or 93% completion). The issue here is that the ‘high’ can change from one month to the next, changing in turn the ‘Case Inquiry Date’. By how much? On average +/- 2.75 months every month for USCIS Field Offices.

What is Immigration Planner’s preliminary analysis of the new approach?

Like many, we are delighted that USCIS is tackling the processing time issue and we will certainly provide our feedback and the one of our community to USCIS. This is our current assessment:

  • The ‘Case Inquiry Date’ is an improvement, because it is clear and actionable by applicants.
  • Focusing more specifically on Form I-485, the new processing time range is an improvement but its impact is currently reduced by the following factors:
    • The filing date of Form I-485 for some applicants has been dictated by the ‘Filing Date’ of the Visa Bulletin, when the actual adjudication is guided by the ‘Final Action Date’ of the Visa Bulletin. As a result, it seems that the processing time range could be materially impacted by the fluctuations of the ‘distance’ between Filing and Action Dates.
    • The computations include the time associated with Request for Evidence (RFE) for applicants who receive one. The numbers would be more meaningful to applicants if processing times without RFE were known, and separate numbers associated with the impact of RFEs were communicated.
    • The computations are based only on last month’s completion. Such a small sample size might inflate volatility, although it is hard to say at this point.
  • The new ‘range’ using the ‘old’ methodology for forms not part of the pilot is not convincing at all. It is simply artificially broadening a range, acknowledging that the old approach lead applicants to be too optimistic because they misunderstood the data.
  • USCIS is using different percentages in different situation. For instance, the ‘personalized’ processing time accessible to applicants through myUSCIS will be based on the time it takes for 80% of the applications to be adjudicated. 80% is neither the 50% or the 93% that is used for USCIS Offices. We are not saying this is a bad idea, but the rationale behind the choice is not completely clear. Traditionally, USCIS would first communicate the average processing time for all applicants and then communicate the extent of the ‘dispersion’ around that average.

Why now?

The processing times displayed by USCIS have been unhelpful to applicants for years. The dates given by USCIS were understood by applicants as the priority date of of the case currently being reviewed by a USCIS Office when in fact they were an indication of the backlog of pending applications.

DHSThe shortcomings of the USCIS system have been pointed out by multiple reports emanating from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and the CIS Ombudsman starting more than a decade ago.When yet another report by the Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued in March 2018 underscored the deficiencies, USCIS might have felt it was time to start acting.

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