Latest USCIS Processing Times for Form I-485

WHAT ARE THE PROCESSING TIMES FOR FORM I-485?

Form I-485 Processing Times per USCIS Field Office. ‘Low’ and ‘High’ updated monthly by USCIS (Last Update May 25th, 2019). ‘Case Inquiry Date’ updated daily by USCIS. Rankings done by Immigration Planner based on performance since June 2018.
USCIS Field Office
Low
High
Ranking
Analysis
Case Inquiry Date
Agana GU112544Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Albany NY112533Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Albuquerque NM61264Low: Stable (between 6 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 13.5 and 29 months).Jul 27, 2018
Anchorage AK112544Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Atlanta GA9.520.579Low: Unstable (between 11 and 16.5 months). High: Unstable (between 17 and 35 months).Nov 14, 2017
Baltimore MD9.529.583Low: Unstable (between 9.5 and 18 months). High: Unstable (between 18.5 and 42 months).Feb 16, 2017
Boise ID112566Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 14.5 months). High: Stable (between 20 and 30.5 months).Jun 29, 2017
Boston MA72116Low: Unstable (between 4.5 and 11 months). High: Unstable (between 11.5 and 24.5 months).Oct 25, 2017
Brooklyn NY192388Low: Stable (between 13.5 and 20.5 months). High: Stable (between 22 and 35 months).Aug 25, 2017
Buffalo NY8.52260Low: Stable (between 8 and 12.5 months). High: Stable (between 15 and 29 months).Sep 29, 2017
Charleston SC112563Low: Stable (between 7 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 13.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Charlotte Amalie VI112544Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Charlotte NC7.51711Low: Stable (between 7 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 16 and 23.5 months).Feb 17, 2018
Chicago IL12.538.581Low: Stable (between 5 and 13.5 months). High: Stable (between 25.5 and 36 months).May 26, 2016
Christiansted VI112544Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Cincinnati OH112529Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Cleveland OH112524Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Columbus OH112556Low: Stable (between 7.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 19 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Dallas TX14.52275Low: Stable (between 15.5 and 19 months). High: Stable (between 21 and 29 months).Sep 20, 2017
Denver CO7.523.570Low: Stable (between 6.5 and 15.5 months). High: Stable (between 20.5 and 31 months).Aug 6, 2017
Des Moines IA112543Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Detroit MI6.5163Low: Stable (between 6 and 10.5 months). High: Stable (between 14 and 23.5 months).Mar 28, 2018
El Paso TX6.51610Low: Stable (between 6 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 15 and 24 months).Mar 20, 2018
Fort Myers FL112551Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Fort Smith AR112544Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Fresno CA6.515.512Low: Unstable (between 6.5 and 10 months). High: Unstable (between 15.5 and 32.5 months).Apr 4, 2018
Greer SC112541Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Harlingen TX6.518.557Low: Unstable (between 6.5 and 10.5 months). High: Unstable (between 20 and 32.5 months).Jan 10, 2018
Hartford CT10.52515Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 15 and 23.5 months).Jul 5, 2017
Helena MT112537Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Hialeah FL12.526.521Low: Stable (between 8.5 and 14 months). High: Stable (between 16.5 and 26 months).May 10, 2017
Honolulu HI112555Low: Stable (between 9 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 18.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Houston TX15.528.586Low: Stable (between 16.5 and 21.5 months). High: Stable (between 23 and 34 months).Mar 19, 2017
Imperial CA112529Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Indianapolis IN82154Low: Stable (between 5.5 and 11.5 months). High: Stable (between 17.5 and 29 months).Nov 1, 2017
Jacksonville FL61320Low: Stable (between 6 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 13.5 and 23.5 months).Jun 21, 2018
Kansas City MO6.520.523Low: Stable (between 5.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 20 and 29 months).Nov 4, 2017
Kendall FL11.527.559Low: Stable (between 9 and 14 months). High: Stable (between 16.5 and 29 months).Apr 18, 2017
Las Vegas NV131967Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 15.5 months). High: Stable (between 18.5 and 29 months).Dec 20, 2017
Lawrence MA7.519.519Low: Stable (between 6 and 11.5 months). High: Stable (between 12.5 and 24 months).Dec 8, 2017
Long Island NY7.52271Low: Stable (between 8 and 11.5 months). High: Stable (between 21.5 and 31.5 months).Sep 24, 2017
Los Angeles CA10.518.577Low: Unstable (between 4 and 16 months). High: Unstable (between 17 and 35.5 months).Jan 7, 2018
Los Angeles County CA11.517.576Low: Unstable (between 12 and 13.5 months). High: Unstable (between 18 and 35 months).Feb 14, 2018
Louisville KY112531Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Manchester NH112527Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Memphis TN112522Low: Stable (between 6.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 16.5 and 23.5 months).Jun 29, 2017
Miami FL112552Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Milwaukee WI112558Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 14 months). High: Stable (between 20.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Minneapolis-St. Paul MN1429.574Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 17 months). High: Stable (between 23 and 31 months).Feb 9, 2017
Montgomery AL112526Low: Stable (between 8 and 14 months). High: Stable (between 16.5 and 27 months).Jun 29, 2017
Mount Laurel NJ6.5166Low: Stable (between 7.5 and 11 months). High: Stable (between 15 and 23 months).Mar 27, 2018
Nashville TN1125#N/A#N/AJun 29, 2017
Newark NJ9.52378Low: Stable (between 14 and 20.5 months). High: Stable (between 26 and 34 months).Sep 1, 2017
New Orleans LA112561Low: Stable (between 9.5 and 15 months). High: Stable (between 18 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
New York City NY20.53687Low: Stable (between 14 and 20.5 months). High: Stable (between 26 and 34 months).Aug 7, 2016
Norfolk VA8.52036Low: Stable (between 9 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 19.5 and 29 months).Nov 19, 2017
Oakland Park FL182585Low: Stable (between 11 and 22 months). High: Stable (between 23 and 34.5 months).Jul 2, 2017
Oklahoma City OK112518Low: Stable (between 6 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 15.5 and 23.5 months).Jun 29, 2017
Omaha NE112534Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Orlando FL122568Low: Stable (between 7.5 and 16.5 months). High: Stable (between 18 and 29 months).Jul 2, 2017
Philadelphia PA11.52169Low: Stable (between 9.5 and 13.5 months). High: Stable (between 19.5 and 33 months).Oct 21, 2017
Phoenix AZ192280Low: Unstable (between 8.5 and 20 months). High: Unstable (between 17.5 and 32 months).Oct 1, 2017
Pittsburgh PA112525Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Portland ME112527Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Portland OR71914Low: Unstable (between 6 and 12 months). High: Unstable (between 14 and 33.5 months).Dec 27, 2017
Providence RI112517Low: Unstable (between 6 and 12 months). High: Unstable (between 13.5 and 23.5 months).Jun 29, 2017
Queens NY7.525.562Low: Stable (between 4 and 14 months). High: Stable (between 19.5 and 25.5 months).Jun 7, 2017
Raleigh NC6.518.55Low: Unstable (between 6 and 11.5 months). High: Unstable (between 12.5 and 24.5 months).Jan 6, 2018
Reno NV112541Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Sacramento CA917.513Low: Stable (between 8 and 11.5 months). High: Stable (between 16.5 and 24.5 months).Feb 8, 2018
Saint Albans VT112550Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Saint Louis MO112537Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Salt Lake City UT112544Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
San Antonio TX7222Low: Stable (between 7 and 11 months). High: Stable (between 15 and 19.5 months).Oct 2, 2017
San Bernardino CA6.517.59Low: Unstable (between 6 and 10.5 months). High: Unstable (between 14.5 and 31.5 months).Feb 14, 2018
San Diego CA7.519.51Low: Stable (between 5.5 and 10.5 months). High: Stable (between 11 and 21.5 months).Dec 8, 2017
San Fernando Valley CA1618.582Low: Unstable (between 12.5 and 17 months). High: Unstable (between 18.5 and 35.5 months).Jan 10, 2018
San Francisco CA182184Low: Unstable (between 11 and 19 months). High: Unstable (between 20 and 35.5 months).Oct 19, 2017
San Jose CA1123.565Low: Stable (between 7 and 12.5 months). High: Stable (between 19 and 31 months).Aug 13, 2017
San Juan PR112540Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Santa Ana CA12.52173Low: Unstable (between 11 and 15.5 months). High: Unstable (between 21 and 34 months).Nov 1, 2017
Seattle WA112572Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 17 months). High: Stable (between 19 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Spokane WA112537Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Tampa FL7184Low: Stable (between 6 and 9 months). High: Stable (between 14.5 and 23 months).Jan 27, 2018
Tucson AZ6.515.553Low: Unstable (between 5.5 and 12 months). High: Unstable (between 12.5 and 29 months).Apr 4, 2018
Washington DC10.524.57Low: Stable (between 8 and 11.5 months). High: Stable (between 17 and 22 months).Jul 12, 2017
West Palm Beach FL8188Low: Stable (between 8.5 and 12.5 months). High: Stable (between 16.5 and 21 months).Jan 27, 2018
Wichita KS112534Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
Yakima WA112531Low: Stable (between 10.5 and 12 months). High: Stable (between 22.5 and 29 months).Jun 29, 2017
  • ‘Low’ is the low-end of the range communicated by USCIS for the Field Office, expressed in ‘months’. It is the ‘best-case’ scenario. It means that USCIS makes a decision (following the Interview) on 50% of the filed I-485s within the ‘low’ number of months;
  • ‘High’ is the high-end, the ‘worst-case’ scenario, the time its takes USCIS to make a decision on 93% of I-485s it received.
  • If it takes longer for you than the ‘High’, then it means that the Receipt Date of your I-485 is before the ‘Case Inquiry Date’ and that you are allowed to get in touch with USCIS.
  • The data is refreshed and updated every morning (Eastern Time of the United States), because certain elements, such as the ‘Case Inquiry Dates’ are updated every day.
  • The data provided is exclusively for Family I-485 (not Employment).

Get a detailed, personalized I-485 timeline using the Processing Times that apply to you (based on your zip code)

Immigration Planner Web Forms

What’s different about Form I-485 Processing Times?
Form I-485 is one of the few forms (along with Forms I-751, I-90, and N-400) to benefit from the new USCIS Processing Times methodology rolled out in April 2018, which means that:

  • They better reflect the time it takes applicants to get an answer on their I-485 (not USCIS ‘backlog’ like before);
  • They are updated more regularly (almost every month, compared to every 3 months before);
  • It communicates clearly, through the ‘Case Inquiry Date’, whether the applicant is allowed to get in touch with USCIS because it is taking too long.

Which immigration forms have new processing times?

Form I-485 (adjust status), Form I-751 (remove conditions on a two-year green card obtained though marriage), Form I-90 (renew a 10-year green cards), N-400 (naturalize to acquire U.S. citizenship).


Why the change?

The processing times displayed by USCIS have been unhelpful to applicants for years. The goal is to get relevant information to applicants.


Does that mean that USCIS will process applications faster?

Unfortunately the answer is no. USCIS changed the way they will communicate about their process in the future, but they have not changed the process itself.

What do the new processing times mean?

The processing times now display an ‘Estimated Time Range’ in months for each of the four forms, and for each USCIS Service Center and each USCIS Field Office. Here is an example for the Boston Field Office for all forms I-485 (family and employment):

USCIS General Processing Time

Our first recommendation is, when applicable, to look at the more specific range at the bottom of the page. Here, we will focus on family-based I-485s:

USCIS Family and Employment Processing Time

This means that, for family-based I-485s, starting with the date the I-485 is filed:

  • 50% of the I-485 are adjudicated within 7 months of their filing
  • 93% of the I-485 are adjudicated within 18 months of their filing

What about the ‘Case Inquiry Date’?

What USCIS is essentially saying is that, if you are part of the 7% that are beyond the high range of the processing times, you can get in touch with them through an ‘outside of processing time’ request. In the Boston Field Office, for family-based I-485s, you can submit a request if you submitted your I-485 before October 10th, 2016:

USCIS Case Inquiry Date


How often are the USCIS processing times updated by USCIS?

USCIS is updating the processing times every month (as opposed to every 3 months in the ‘old’ approach). These are the dates of the I-485 processing times updates, starting with the most recent:

  • May 25th, 2019
  • May 1st, 2019
  • March 13th, 2019
  • January 28th, 2019
  • December 19th, 2018
  • November 8th, 2018
  • September 28th, 2018
  • August 29th, 2018
  • August 2nd, 2018
  • July 7th, 2018
  • June 1st, 2018

The Case Inquiry Date is said to be ‘rolling’: once the processing times are updated for a given month, the Case Inquiry Date progresses automatically by one day, every day.

What about the other forms, including Form I-130?

This is a ‘pilot’, so a trial based on which USCIS says they will gather feedback, adjust their methodology if need be, and then extend to other forms. The calendar associated with a broader rollout is not known.

The forms that are not part of the pilot are now displaying a range. The range is made of the old date and the old date + 30%. Because the ‘old’ date is still computed using the ‘old’ backlog-driven methodology, this is not an improvement as much as a vague attempt at managing applicants’ expectations.


What do the Processing Times released by USCIS for family I-485s tell you?

Immigration Planner identified the following USCIS Field Offices with the fastest (and ‘stable’) I-485 processing times. Last updated in June 2019:

  • San Diego CA
  • San Antonio TX
  • Detroit MI
  • Tampa FL
  • Raleigh NC
  • Mount Laurel NJ
  • Washington DC
  • West Palm Beach FL
  • San Bernardino CA
  • El Paso TX

What do the Case Interview Dates released by USCIS for family I-485s tell you?

The ‘Case Inquiry Date’ is derived from the ‘high’ (or 93% completion). The issue here is that the ‘high’ can change a lot from one month to the next, changing in turn the ‘Case Inquiry Date’. By how much? Generally by 2 months or less. But note that during the last update 25 USCIS Field Offices (out of 88) had a change in the ‘high’ of 3 months or more.

What is Immigration Planner’s preliminary analysis of the new approach?

Like many, we are delighted that USCIS is tackling the processing time issue and we will certainly provide our feedback and the one of our community to USCIS. This is our current assessment:

  • The ‘Case Inquiry Date’ is an improvement, because it is clear and actionable by applicants.
  • Focusing more specifically on Form I-485, the new processing time range is an improvement but its impact is currently reduced by the following factors:
    • The filing date of Form I-485 for some applicants has been dictated by the ‘Filing Date’ of the Visa Bulletin, when the actual adjudication is guided by the ‘Final Action Date’ of the Visa Bulletin. As a result, it seems that the processing time range could be materially impacted by the fluctuations of the ‘distance’ between Filing and Action Dates.
    • The computations include the time associated with Request for Evidence (RFE) for applicants who receive one. The numbers would be more meaningful to applicants if processing times without RFE were known, and separate numbers associated with the impact of RFEs were communicated.
    • The computations are based only on last month’s completion. Such a small sample size might inflate volatility, although it is hard to say at this point.
  • The new ‘range’ using the ‘old’ methodology for forms not part of the pilot is not convincing at all. It is simply artificially broadening a range, acknowledging that the old approach lead applicants to be too optimistic because they misunderstood the data.
  • USCIS is using different percentages in different situation. For instance, the ‘personalized’ processing time accessible to applicants through myUSCIS will be based on the time it takes for 80% of the applications to be adjudicated. 80% is neither the 50% or the 93% that is used for USCIS Offices. We are not saying this is a bad idea, but the rationale behind the choice is not completely clear. Traditionally, USCIS would first communicate the average processing time for all applicants and then communicate the extent of the ‘dispersion’ around that average.

Why now?

The processing times displayed by USCIS have been unhelpful to applicants for years. The dates given by USCIS were understood by applicants as the priority date of of the case currently being reviewed by a USCIS Office when in fact they were an indication of the backlog of pending applications.

DHSThe shortcomings of the USCIS system have been pointed out by multiple reports emanating from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and the CIS Ombudsman starting more than a decade ago.When yet another report by the Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued in March 2018 underscored the deficiencies, USCIS might have felt it was time to start acting.

USCIS Resources

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